by Brian A. Wilkins
8/31/2010 (links and photos updated December 24, 2018)
ORIGINAL LINK: http://blog.operation-nation.com/2010/08/31/eleventh-amendment-is-unconstitutional-must-be-repealed.aspx
Fox News and right wing groups screaming for repeal of Sec. I of the Fourteenth Amendment (the Citizenship Clause) to prevent Mexicans from becoming U.S. citizens. Meanwhile liberals, CNN and MSNBC cry about the absolute right to bear arms and self-defense contained in the Second Amendment. It’s all great theater and distraction from the Eleventh Amendment, which is rarely spoken about in media, schools, and/or everyday conversation.
The Eleventh Amendment encourages and protects malfeasance and flat-out criminal behavior by judges, prosecutors, police, and many other government officials in the United States.
History of the Eleventh Amendment
The Eleventh Amendment of the U.S. Constitution was ratified on February 7, 1795. The infant U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the case of Chisolm v. Georgia two years earlier. The case was an early test of the differences between U.S. law and British law. The Supreme Court ruled that citizen can in fact sue states.
A South Carolina merchant named Robert Farquhar sold supplies on credit to the State of Georgia during the Revolutionary War (1775-1783). Georgia refused to pay back the debt because Farquhar was a British loyalist. Alexander Chisholm, the executor of Farquhar’s estate after he died, filed a lawsuit vs. Georgia in the U.S. Supreme Court. Direct filing with the highest court was proper procedure at the time.
The State of Georgia refused to answer the federal complaint. It claimed sovereign immunity from lawsuits or any other prosecution brought by a citizen. Article III, Sec. 2 of the U.S. Constitution said otherwise. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Chisholm in 1793. The U.S. Congress passed the Eleventh Amendment less than a year later. It is ironically the government’s FIRST AMENDMENT after the Bill of Rights. The amendment was ratified on February 7, 1795. It voided the Chisolm decision and laid the foundation for criminal behavior among state officials. The Bill of Rights has progressively lost the power American citizen thought it gave them since ratification of the Eleventh Amendment.
Eleventh Amendment Absolute Immunity
The term “the State” is synonymous with certain individuals as a result of the Eleventh Amendment. It protects prosecutors and judges from accountability. “The State” can legally break the law. The Eleventh Amendment provides absolute immunity from all civil actions brought by U.S. citizens against malfeasant, criminal state officials. It gives said corrupt officials a Constitutional hiding place when they’ve done wrong.
Judges and prosecutors enjoy absolute immunity due to U.S. Supreme Court case law. See e.g. Imbler v. Pachtman (1976). This immunity is derived from Eleventh Amendment or British tradition, depending on who you ask. Judges and prosecutors are immune from any and all civil actions and most criminal prosecution as well. The Court has also ruled that it is “in the public’s best interest” for judges and prosecutors to have absolute immunity. As a result, there is no accountability for people in powerful positions.
Eleventh Amendment Qualified Immunity
Qualified immunity protects cops, jail guards, probation officers, parole officers and U.S. agents. It was first recognized by the U.S. Supreme Court in Pierson v. Ray (1967). These individuals “qualify” for immunity as long as they don’t violate American citizens’ well-established Constitutional rights under color of law.
Clear violations of First Amendment rights (freedom of speech, press, and religion) by police would not qualify for immunity. Fourth Amendment illegal seizures, Eighth Amendment cruel and usual punishment, etc. also do not qualify for immunity. Americans negate this Constitutional perk when they can prove Constitutional violations. But it takes years of litigation and money for an attorney to attempt holding criminal officials accountable. As a result, the criminals get away with it anyway.
Police all across the United States frequently rape, murder and assault American citizens. The perpetrators rarely receive a punishment equal to the crime. There are currently at least three cases pending in state courts involving cops killing American people. The defendant police are either facing involuntary manslaughter charges or only found guilty of involuntary manslaughter. This is the unspoken, unwritten perk of “qualified immunity.” Police can kill someone while on duty. But U.S. tradition charges cops with only involuntary manslaughter. Most other Americans who take someone’s life face either life in imprisonment or the death penalty.
Absolute Immunity and Private Prisons
Judges and prosecutors use their absolutely immunity to further corporate agendas. Republicans love Ronald Reagan so much because of his 1986 crime bill. Reagan is also responsible for privatizing prisons. This resulted in a corporate money grab. Cheap prison labor, punitive fines, and restitution to thousands of unwitting Americans line the pockets of corporations and lobbyists.
Reagan’s crime bill emboldened judges and prosecutors like no other time in U.S. history. Mark Ciavarella and Michael Conahan, two former Pennsylvania judges, imprisoned children for profit for many years.
Reagan’s crime bill neatly incorporated the aforementioned Imbler decision. It further shielded state and federal prosecutors from accountability for their actions. As a result, an astronomically creepy spike in the U.S. prison population occurred during Reagan’s presidency. The numbers don’t lie.
But this is not a Republican problem. Democratic President Bill Clinton’s 1994 crime bill could have reversed Reagan’s policies. Instead Clinton gave $8.7 billion to private prisons prevented that and strengthened so-called “three strikes” laws. Both sides of the political spectrum casually demand “transparency in government.” But the concept is impossible because of Eleventh Amendment immunity.
Eleventh Amendment negates Equal Protection
The Declaration of Independence is hypocritical and fallacious. It excludes women altogether. African Americans and Native Americans were enslaved and manipulated, respectively. Regardless, the maxim is fallacious because of the Eleventh Amendment. A small class of people are immune to the same justice system that imprisons Americans for smoking a joint. It a real-life comedy, as opposed to the “comity” the state and federal judiciaries use to protect one another.
The Fourteenth Amendment renders the Eleventh Amendment unconstitutional. At least what would be the case in a country with due process of laws. The Fourteenth Amendment is clear:
“[N]o State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.”
The Eleventh Amendment “abridge[s] the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States.” It provides immunity to certain citizens from the same laws, treatises, and codes all others are forced to obey. Judge or prosecutors “deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law” because of their individual agendas. Innocent people are convicted of manufactured crimes daily. There is no re-course for the victims, other than the same system that put them there in the first place.
Democracy or oligarchy?
Obviously there is no “equal protection under the law.” Anybody could lie under oath if that were the case. Police file false police reports, kill, rape, and assault people daily. They either escape charges altogether, or are sentenced to fines and community service.
Former Major League Baseball pitcher Roger Clemens is currently facing federal prosecution for perjury. His attorney should argue in court that judges and prosecutors are allowed to lie in court. Thus his client should be able to lie under oath as well, pursuant to the Fourteenth Amendment’s equal protection clause.
There is precedent for one U.S. Constitutional Amendment voiding another. The 21st Amendment overturned the 18th Amendment (prohibition of alcohol). The move was clearly in the best interest of the country. Unfortunately the Eleventh Amendment is likely to stand forever.
Judges, prosecutors, and cops are protected by this Constitutional perk. They would have to voluntarily surrender this virtual “get out of jail free” card. Most U.S. Senators and Congress people have been lawyers and/or judges before. They would never ratify an amendment relinquishing their immunity.
Change won’t be easy
The people of the United States must elect officials who view accountability as an absolute necessity in government. Candidates for high office must support repeal of the Eleventh Amendment’s absolute immunity clause to get support from this website.
Former New York State Supreme Court Justice Thomas J. Spargo was convicted last year of extortion, Assistant U.S. Attorney General Lanny A. Breuer was the prosecutor. He paid us all lip service with this obvious observation:
“…fair and impartial judgment by those entrusted to carry out the laws is the bedrock of our legal system. When those sworn to uphold the law violate it, they will be held accountable. We cannot and will not allow the public’s faith in our legal system to be shaken by judicial corruption.”
It will take an entirely new generation of Congress to make something like this actually happen. Repeal of the Eleventh is favorable to the citizens of this country. Tea parties, liberal parties, and constituents of other parties should unanimously have one thing in common. Repeal of the Eleventh Amendment creates true transparency of government.
“Criminal justice” is simply too profitable to Washington DC for realistic change to occur. The conspirators are comforted by the fact they will get away with it. Meanwhile voters continually elect the same politician over and over again. The Eleventh Amendment is as American as apple pie. Do your part to change it.
Only when the masses realize that we are being controlled by only 2% of the AmeriKKKan population, then and only then will we see the activation of “true” change. We the masses posses more power than we seem to believe. The powers that be want to cripple that power. And that power is in the ballot. We have to stop falling asleep to these corrupted politicians bedtime stories of “CHANGE” and equal treatment for all. Black, Brown, White, and all in between have to see that in the eyes of the 2%, we are nothing but livestock. Everyday being “dumb down” by false news reports by the media, idiotic game shows, and “unreality” T.V. We have to wake up people. Let’s turn the light switches on…
I AGREE THANKS FOR THE RESEARCH AND THE TIME IT TOOK TO, AND FOR SENDING ME THIS ARTICLE…
In and about the masses,if we don’t bcome color blind and stand up for our rights we’re sure to loose them.Think about it 24 against how many who deserve the rights we were born with…
It’s as though the constitution is saying, “I’ve fallen and I can’t get up.”
Thanks for the explanation. What can be done? Is another amendment the only solution?
One thing I know for sure; Thiscoming election, along with the one in 2012, I am going into the polls ABSOLUTELY informed on candidates stance on issues such as these and anyone, I mean EVERYONE who is for the same old school, will be voted out! I’m calling my voting registrar and ask for a full list of candidates I will be voting on next month and will be honing my research to make sure every “X” is in the right box-for the right reason!
‘And since its ratification, the Bill of Rights, meant to protect citizens of the United States, has progressively lost the power the American people thought it gave them.’
‘The result was the speedy ratification in 1795 of the Eleventh Amendment…This rebuke of Wilson was particularly poignant since in the constitutional convention he had urged the principle of dual sovereignty. Put to the test on the bench, however, Wilson discovered that his views on the sovereignty of the people had less support than he supposed, at least when that sovereignty trumped state authority.
Wilson’s strident nationalism also led him to oppose the addition of the Bill of Rights to the Constitution. Based on his new concept of the perpetually sovereign people, Wilson confidently proclaimed that the proposed Bill of Rights was neither essential nor necessary. Wilson even argued that the addition of a bill of rights would be dangerous because any enumeration of rights would imply that others were not included.’ – page xxii,
in the constitutional convention in 1787 Wilson said –
“I know not whether I have exactly enumerated the states who have not thought it necessary to add a bill of rights to their constitutions; but this enumeration, sir, will serve to show by experience, as well as principle, that, even in single governments, a bill of rights is not an essential or necessary measure. But in a government consisting of enumerated powers, such as is proposed for the United States, a bill of rights would not only be unnecessary, but, in my humble judgement, highly imprudent. In all societies, there are many powers and rights which cannot be particularly enumerated. A bill of rights annexed to a constitution is an enumeration of the powers reserved. If we attempt an enumeration, everything that is not enumerated is presumed to be given. The consequence is, that an imperfect enumeration would throw all implied power into the scale of the government, and the rights of the people would be rendered icomplete.” – page 195.
SOURCE: ‘Collected Works of James Wilson’, VOLUME I, edited by Kermit L. Hall and Mark David Hall.
‘…,which was an early test of the differences between U.S. law and British law,…’
Let me make it absolutely clear that what follows is not intended, in any way, as a criticism of the author of this post. I understand why the phrase ‘British law’ is used and hope that what I write provides clarification.
It is possible to get confused when reference is made to either ‘British law’ or the ‘British legal system’. The phrases ‘British law’ and ‘British legal system’ are generally understood to ecompass both Scots law and English law and their respective legal systems. Although there is also Welsh and Northern Irish law (Welsh law exists within the jurisdiction of English law) and corresponding legal systems they are essentially variants of English law. The following extracts from the ‘Kilbrandon Report’ should help clarify the status of Scots law –
’74. …By the time of the Union a well-defined and independent system of Scots law had been established. This was recognised in the Union settlement, which provided for the preservation of the separate code of Scots law and the Scottish judiciary and legal system. Under Article XIX the two highest Scottish courts – the Court of Session and the High Court of Justiciary – were to continue, and were not to be subject to the jurisdiction of the English courts. These bodies have remained respectively the supreme civil and criminal courts in Scotland, while beneath them there is acompletely separate Scottish system of jurisdiction and law courts, with a justiciary , advocates and solicitors, none of whom are interchangeable with their English counterparts…
76. …Nevertheless the two systems remain separate, and – a unique constitutional phenomenon within a unitary state – stand to this day in the same juridical relationship to one another as they do individually to the system of any foreign country.’
SOURCE: ‘Royalcommission on the Constitution, 1969-1973’, Volume I, Cmnd. 5460.
Wow! I knew if anybody would follow the paper trail of the most repulsive amendment, equal in evil to slavery! I say that because repealing the 13th, was great reform, but it did not repeal the right to abuse, only the right to own people that the government can abuse!
Having said that, every lawyer in USA knows about this, and hopes to benefit from this perverted misconstrued “doctrine of immunity” that Blackstone states, the King never had.
More info at http://wwwthe11thamendmentcom